Candidiasis is an infection caused by an overgrowth of a group of fungi. While there are more than 20 species of Candida, the most common type within the group is the Candida albicans. This type of fungi is commonly found on all surfaces of the human skin. Under certain condition, they may overgrow and cause yeast infection. Candida albicans thrive mostly on warm and moist area of the body such as underarms nail beds, under the breast and lower abdomen area and beneath skin folds. Normally, our skin is an effective barrier against any type of fungi but when cuts on the skin occur, fungi may enter the body.
Some common types of yeast infections are vaginal yeast infection, skin, thrush, diaper rash and nail bed infections. It is believed that people are more prone to yeast infection as they age. The good news is that most yeast infection is extremely superficial and may be treated with common yeast infection remedies. If yeast infection is left untreated, it may spread all over the body and cause life-threatening conditions. One such example is systematic candidal disease where 75% of sufferers die because of widespread yeast infection. Common oral and vaginal yeast infections may also lead to serious health problems and maybe more resistant to normal yeast infection remedies. Reoccurring yeast infection may also be a sign of more serious conditions such as diabetes, leukaemia or AIDS. Below are the leading causes of yeast infection:
Antibiotics and Steroids- Antibiotics and steroids are known to promote fungi overgrowth. For women, pregnancy, menstruation, diabetes, birth control pills and semen also increase the chances of getting yeast infection.
Weak Immune System- Weakened immune system caused by cancer treatments, steroids or diseases such as AIDS may result in candidal infection on the entire body. This can be a life-threatening condition where the heart, blood, eyes and kidneys may be affected. In some cases, infection is severe that fungi are found growing in the lungs, liver and spleen. 15% of people with weak immune system develop a systematic disease caused by Candida. These types of microorganisms enter the bloodstream through skin breakdown or mucous membranes.
Implants- Devices that are implanted in the skin such as IV ports or urinary catheters may give way for fungi to enter the body. IV addicts that used contaminated needles may possibly inject the yeast directly into their tissues or bloodstream.
Signs and symptoms of yeast infection are varied, depending on the location. Thus, yeast infection treatment may depend entirely on the location of the infection as well. Fortunately there are various range of over-the-counter medicine that are available on the market today. However, before you decide to purchase commercially-sold meds, it’s best to consult your doctor first.
Vaginal Yeast Infection- Vaginal yeast infection causes burning pain, unpleasant smell, discomfort and vaginal discharges. Overgrowths of yeast in women are directly caused by vaginal changes in the body.
Thrush or Oral Yeast Infection- Thick, white and lacy patches on top of a red base forming on the tongue, palate or anywhere else in the mouth is a sign of oral yeast infection. This type of infection may cause the tongue to look redder without the white coating and makes it difficult to eat.
Superficial candidal skin infections -Though candidal microorganisms are commonly present outside the skin surface, they may enter the body through broken skin. Common sign s of superficial candidal skin infections are flat rashes with scalloped edges.